Appendices

Appendix A

Environmental Strategies & Implementation Measures-Revised Evaluation

The West Berkeley Plan Committee developed a wide-ranging set of potential
environmental strategies and implementation measures for review and evaluation.
They were first formulated in the winter of 1990-91. The measures covered the
regulatory process in general, hazardous materials, soils and groundwater, air quality,
noise, and biohazardous materials. This document represents a revised and updated
evaluation (as of January,1992) of these potential strategies. A Preliminary Evaluation
was presented in September,1991.

It is important to note that the great bulk of the proposed strategies and implementation
measures have been incorporated into the text of the Environmental Quality Element.
The Element also notes and makes reference to other measures which are not in the
proposed strategies and implementation measures--e.g. the Citywide Trip Reduction
Ordinance. There are also some instances where information about the same or similar
strategies are organized differently in the Element and the appendix--thus the same
strategy will appear in differing locations. Nonetheless, there is a good deal of overlap
between the text and the appendix, which may appear redundant. However, the
incorporation of many Committee ideas into the City's environmental workplan
indicates their usefulness and timeliness. This document has been retained in its
particular form to provide an easily accessible reference on the Committee's discussions.

The format of this evaluation is to provide a summary assessment and brief discussion
of the proposed strategy or implementation measure. The evaluation finds most
proposed measures Currently Being Addressed, that is, already being implemented. In
some cases they are Currently Being Addressed by Other Agencies rather than City of
Berkeley. In a few cases the goal of the proposed strategy is Currently Being Addressed
through Other Strategies. In a few cases, Further Research (is) Needed, because the
financial, technological, or other key implications of the proposal is not fully
understood. In some areas where there is not current City activity, but future activity is
intended or being considered, strategies are identified as Policies, Projects or Studies of
the Environmental Quality or other West Berkeley Plan The only area where proposals
are evaluated to be Not Currently Feasible is in biohazards, where the City has made
the decision (at least for the present) to allow the State of California to implement the
Medical Waste Management Act, rather than itself implementing the Act. This issue is
discussed in more detail in the biohazards section.

The appendix begins with a listing of those strategies which the Committee identified as
priorities.



I. Environmental Priority Strategies


The following priority strategies were selected by the West Berkeley Plan Committee
from the more comprehensive set of 6 environmental areas of concern, 40 possible
strategies, and over 70 possible implementation measures that are outlined in Sections II
through VII.

General Process

Information 

New Uses 

Enforcement, Compliance and Clean Up 

Recognition

Air Quality 

Bio-Hazardous Materials 


II. General Process


A. Information

1. Provide environmental information which is accessible to the community and in a
central location, through a coordinated staff effort.

Currently Being Addressed

The Toxics & Pollution Prevention Program is developing an automated, standardized,
multidepartmental database on companies and institutions subject to hazardous
materials regulation.

a. Establish an office of environmental advocacy and information

Currently Being Addressed

Office of Special Community Services created by City Council in July,1991

b. Review the possibility of an Ordinance requiring greater public notification for
environmental review, particularly when related to hazardous materials and pollution
controls

Study-Environmental Quality Element

2. Develop a baseline of community health data

Further Research Needed

a. Hire epidemiology consultant to supervise health survey of West Berkeley residents.

Further Research Needed

City resources are currently inadequate to conduct such a survey. In addition to finding
funding for the project, methodologies to use the health data generated effectively
would have to be developed. However, it may be possible to work with the UC School
of Public Health to develop such a study.

B. Citizen Participation

1. Increase citizen participation in coordination with City staff programs.

Currently Being Addressed

a. Appoint citizens oversight committee

Currently Being Addressed

The Community Environmental Advisory Commission was created by the City Council
in April,1991.

b. Appoint citizen representatives to the Local Emergency Planning Committee (the
interjurisdictional committee which develops plans for responding to hazardous
materials emergency)

Currently Being Addressed

Citizen representative (as of January,1992 Jim Whalen) has been appointed.

C. Monitoring of Environmental Conditions

1. Develop ability to monitor air, water, and soil contamination.

Currently Being Addressed

The City is upgrading its ability to monitor air, water, and soil contamination
conditions. Both the Fire Department and the Toxics Program are requesting new
equipment, such as "Drager" Tubes, which will allow them to engage in short term
monitoring of air pollution situations. The DeSoto area health study will provide
deeper information on conditions in that particular area. Water and soil monitoring
will be improved by the requirements of the Stormwater Runoff Program, which will
generate new data on water running off into the Bay. Owners of underground tanks are
also required to monitor their performance at least annually. As City records are
improved and consolidated, using them to evaluate overall environmental conditions
will become easier.

a. Hire consultant to monitor contamination

Currently Being Addressed through other strategies (see above)

b. Develop periodic review of existing businesses to achieve Maximum Available
Control Technology (MACT)

Currently Being Addressed by other agencies

The Bay Area Air Quality Management District has set MACT as its standard for any
"new" source of air emissions. "New" sources include new equipment at existing
facilities.

c. Consider amending Zoning Ordinance to set MACT as the appropriate standard.
Currently Being Addressed through other strategies (see above)

D. Emergency Preparedness

1. Increase preparedness for hazardous materials emergencies, utilizing existing
neighborhood organizations and watch groups.

Further Research Needed

The City's Emergency Response Plan must be completed, and assessments undertaken
on how it can work most effectively with neighborhood organizations.

a. Establish emergency preparedness programs

Currently Being Addressed

City has hired Emergency Preparedness Coordinator, who is working with citizens'
groups (such as Disaster Planning Task Force), developing informational materials, and
engaging in other programs-as part of the Office of Special Community Services.

2. Retrofit seismically unsafe buildings

Currently Being Addressed

Pursuant to state law, the City Council has adopted an Unreinforced Masonry Buildings
Ordinance, requiring owners of these buildings to prepare programs to increase their
seismic safety.

a. Pass Retrofit Ordinance, including revolving loan fund.

E. New Uses

1. Avoid the establishment of new uses which pose unmitigable environmental hazards.
Policies-Land Use and Environmental Quality Elements

a. Establish list of preferred and prohibited uses.

Districting regulations-Land Use Element
The Land Use Element establishes permitted and prohibited uses for each district.

2. Prohibit the establishment of off-site industrial hazardous waste treatment and/or
transfer facility.

Currently Being Addressed

Strict siting criteria were adopted in the April, 1991 Hazardous Materials Importation
Ordinance.

3. Set City of Berkeley policy with regard to the location and/or operation of companies
with a history of environmentally related crimes or non-compliance.

a. Pass appropriate Ordinance (e.g. "Bad Boy")

Currently Being Addressed through other strategies, Study Feasibility of Ordinance

Environmental records--except for those which concern trade secrets-are public record.
The City of Berkeley's efforts to make these records more accessible have been discussed
above. For any company already operating in Berkeley-which represent the great bulk
of applicant companies here-its previous performance will be a matter of great interest
to both citizens and staff. Requirements for submittal of Hazardous Materials
Management Programs (HMMP) and in some cases, Risk Management and Protection
Programs (RMPP) have also been discussed.

The situation in which a company's extra-Berkeley environmental record would be most
critical would arise if a multiplant manufacturer or other firm not already in Berkeley
sought to locate here. However, in recent years, no multiplant manufacturers who were
not already located here have sought to establish a new plant in Berkeley. Concern has
been raised about a hazardous waste management facility locating here, but there are
many, many communities which would be far easier for such a facility to locate in.
Planning staff is also concerned about how and how broadly such a standard could
fairly be applied, especially given the inevitable differences in operations and personnel
from plant to plant. We are also concerned about such an Ordinance discouraging
industrial location and expansion in Berkeley. Despite these concerns, the idea is listed
for study of its feasibility.

4. New uses shall demonstrate ability to meet applicable environmental laws and
standards

Currently being addressed

Initial Study/Environmental Review process, carried out in conjunction with the Toxics
Program, does not allow new uses to begin operating until such ability is demonstrated.

5. Separate new residential development from manufacturing uses.

Currently Being addressed

Preferred Land Use Concept establishes separate manufacturing, residential zones,
buffering regulations.

F. Enforcement, Compliance, and Clean Up

1. Enforce new and existing environmental laws with initial focus on top 10 firms;
coordinate efforts with BAAQMD.

Currently Being Addressed

Top 10 firms had hazardous materials inspection in 1991, have been placed on annual
inspection cycle.

a. Appoint top level administrator to pursue 5 most significant environmental
problems, as defined by citizens.

Currently Being Addressed

Office of Special Community Services in City Manager's Office created in July,1991,
Director appointed (currently Denise Johnson) in October,1991. The Director reports
regularly to the Citizens' Environmental Advisory Commission.

2. Assist existing manufacturers to assure compliance with environmental standards

Currently Being Addressed

Assistance providing during inspections, with preparation of Hazardous Materials
Management Programs.

a. Hold technical assistance workshops

Policy-Environmental Quality Element

Ongoing staff resources above those to conduct basic inspection/regulation program
needed.

b. Develop coordinated schedule of staff inspections (insure schedule is not formalized
to the point where "surprise" is eliminated)

Currently Being Addressed

Expanded inspection schedule being implemented

3. Require businesses which close or leave to clean up site contamination.

Currently Being Addressed

Toxics & Pollution Prevention ongoing Work Program activity.

a. Fund adequate number of staff positions.

Currently Being Addressed

Toxics & Pollution Prevention Program staff has been increased, Hazardous Materials
program fees increased dramatically.

G. Recognition

1. Recognize and reward those companies which can exceed City of Berkeley and
regional environmental standards.

Policy-Environmental Quality Element

a. Increase public awareness of those exceeding standards or engaging in other
extraordinary environmental efforts; use portion of fines for non-compliance to
publicize

Ordinance/Regulatory Changes-Environmental Quality Element

b. Insure (CEQA) mitigation fees are expended appropriately

Currently Being Addressed

City Planning Department prepares Mitigation Monitoring Programs for this purpose.

c. Review possibility of extending tax credits (tied to cost) for pollution prevention;
source and toxic use reduction, solid waste recycling.

Further Research Needed

City actively exploring programs in this area.



III. Hazardous Materials



Transportation, Storage, Handling, and Disposal

1. Accelerate Compliance with State and City law

Currently Being Addressed

a. Conduct fee study/consider other financing methods

Currently Being Addressed

As noted above, hazardous materials program fees have been increased drastically for
1991-92, to make program self-supporting.

b. Fund adequate number of personnel, 1 additional FTE minimum

Currently Being Addressed

In 1991-92, Toxics & Pollution Prevention Program staff has expanded by 1 FTE.

c. Promote/pursue internships.

Currently Being Addressed

Program regularly using interns.

2. Increase inspections and enforcement, improve local enforcement capability

Currently Being Addressed

a. Use City Attorney's Office to augment County District Attorney's capacity to prepare
cases

Currently Being Addressed through another strategy

This implementation proposal sought to use the Berkeley City Attorney's office to aid
the Alameda County District Attorney (DA) in preparing cases against hazardous
materials violator, thus making it possible for the DA to bring more effective cases.
Using the City Attorney's Office has not proved possible. However, the Police
Department has proposed hiring an investigator for toxics violations, one of whose
major duties will be assisting the DA on hazardous materials cases.

b. Require Business Plan to reduce toxics for permit approval.

Currently Being Addressed

While state law only requires a Business Plan with Source Reduction for sites that
produce over 12,000 kilograms of hazardous waste per year, City Ordinance has
reduced the threshold to 4,000 pounds per year.

3. Develop risk management and communication procedures

Currently Being Addressed

Current Risk Management and Prevention Programs now require that risk
communication programs be incorporated.

a. Provide technical assistance workshops for businesses

Project-Environmental Quality Element

Ongoing staff time needed to prepare, present workshops.

4. Reduce the importing into Berkeley, transportation, storage, and use of hazardous
materials and waste.

Goal-Environmental Quality Element

a. Pass Hazardous Materials Importation Regulation Act.

Currently Being Addressed

Ordinance adopted April, 1991

b. Pass Ordinance based on (Petris) Hazardous Materials Reduction Ordinance

Currently Being Addressed

Pollution prevention planning proposal being developed.

5. Require Use Permit conditions on hazardous materials/waste hauling.

Currently Being Addressed by Other Agencies

Hazardous waste haulers are licensed by State. Facilities using hazardous materials
and/or generating hazardous wastes are required to use licensed haulers and maintain
accurate manifests of materials/wastes hauled.

a. Pass new Hazardous Materials Transportation Ordinance

Study--Environmental Quality Element

Assess amending existing Ordinance, which prohibits hauling above BART tracks.

6. Encourage hazardous waste reduction and recycling

Policy--Environmental Quality Element

a. Amend Zoning Ordinance to require (Hazardous Waste) Recycling Plan for permit
approval.

Currently Being Addressed

Toxics & Pollution Prevention Program to develop hazardous waste reduction and
recycling programs, review procedures. It, along with the Community Development
Department, will consider the effect of these programs on Berkeley's business
competitiveness.

b. Pass mandatory commercial (hazardous waste) recycling Ordinance.

Study--Environmental Quality Element



IV. Contaminated Soils and Groundwaters


1. Increase inspections and enforcement from 1990-91 levels

a. Conduct fee study, analyze other financing methods

Currently Being Addressed

Fees substantially increased in 1991-92 program year to meet program costs.

b. Fund adequate number of personnel, 1 FTE above 1990-91 levels minimum

Currently Being Addressed

Toxics & Pollution Prevention Program reorganized, threatened staff losses prevented,
staff augmented.

c. Promote and pursue internships

Currently Being Addressed

Toxics & Pollution Prevention Program actively uses interns for both programs and
special projects (e.g. DeSoto waste reduction).

2. Improve disclosure of conditions on sites.

a. Pass Disclosure Ordinance

Further Research Needed

San Francisco's Ordinance requiring disclosure of site conditions on sale has not yet
been implemented, and no other jurisdiction has passed such a requirement. It is
unclear how this requirement would be enforced. However, lenders frequently require
such disclosures on sale.

b. Shorten time frame for disclosure, testing, and clean-up

Currently Being Addressed

The Toxics & Pollution Prevention Program has dramatically increased the level of
inspections, and shortened the inspection cycle.

3. Increase site clean-up

a. Review existing legislation

Currently Being Addressed

Ongoing programmatic activity

b. Map source sites and groundwater contamination plumes

Project-Environmental Quality Element

Resources needed-possibly a qualified intern.

c. Study bio-remediation of soil

Further Research Needed

Bioremediation techniques are new, generally untested, and currently require state
approval to implement on each specific site. These techniques are not necessarily more
cost effective at present than conventional techniques, although technology is evolving.

4. Publicize Environmental Record

a. Track violation history

Currently Being Addressed

Improved hazardous materials computer database allows such tracking.

 


V. Air Quality


1. Improve communication and coordinate responsibilities for assistance, enforcement,
and complaint response with the BAAQMD.

Currently Being Addressed

a. Develop Joint Powers Agreement or Memorandum of Understanding with Air Board.

Currently Being Addressed with other Strategies

This strategy seeks to improve the City of Berkeley's ability to act against air emission
violators. The City is pursuing a variety of steps to do this. City Hazardous Materials
inspectors and Air Quality Districts are doing mutual training, so that each will be able
to monitor for and report violations of the other's regulations. The referral system has
been noted above.

b. Establish priority list of polluters for compliance and technical assistance.

Currently Being Addressed

c. Develop Prevention Program, 1 year to comply from initial notification

Pollution prevention planning proposal being developed.

2. Regulate the use of ozone depleting compounds.

Currently Being Addressed

a. Pass Ordinance regulating the sale, use, and recycling of products with ozone
depleting compounds.

Currently Being Addressed

Ordinance adopted in January,1991, to be administered by Toxics & Pollution
Prevention Program.

3. Risk Management and Communication

a. Technical assistance workshops

Project-Environmental Quality Element

Staffing above and beyond that needed to conduct basic regulation, inspection, and
enforcement functions.

4. Reduce the importing into Berkeley, transportation, use, and storage of hazardous
materials and waste.

a. Technical assistance workshops

Currently Being Addressed through Other Strategies

Technical assistance being provided to hazardous materials users during inspections, in
other settings. To date, workshops have been labor intensive and minimally
productive.

b. Require Business Plan to reduce toxics for approval

Currently Being Addressed

State requires Source Reduction Plan for hazardous waste levels over 12,000 Kilograms
per year. Toxics Program staff drafting amendment to City's Disclosure Ordinance to
require Source Reduction at 4,000 pounds per year.

c. Adopt appropriate elements of the Hazardous Materials Reduction Ordinance, as
proposed in the Petris bill.

Ordinance/Regulatory Changes-Environmental Quality Element

d. West Berkeley Plan--Provide larger mixed use buffer zones between Manufacturing
and Residential Zones

Policy-Land Use Element

5. Avoid the establishment of new uses which pose unmitigable odors to residential
districts.

Policy-Environmental Quality Element

6. Reduce existing traffic and mitigate future traffic

Policy-Environmental Quality Element

a. Maintain at least Level of Service "E" at key intersections.

Policy-Transportation Element

Higher levels of service would significantly improve air quality, but will be difficult to
achieve because of already existing traffic levels.

b. Reduce pollution from transit vehicles

Policy-Transportation Element

The California Air Resources Board and the federal Department of Transportation are
developing improved standards for transit vehicle emissions.

7. Provide tree planting and landscaping

Currently Being Addressed

The Redevelopment Agency is initiating a tree planting program for the Redevelopment
Area (bounded by 6th, Eastshore Freeway, University, and Cedar)

a. Pass "Greening" Ordinance to promote tree-planting and appropriate streetscape
design.

Policy-Urban Design Element

The Urban Design Element Draft will call for the development of design guidelines,
including streetscape design, for various parts of W. Berkeley.



VI. Noise


1. Separate noise emitters from sensitive receptors (see Buffer Standards in Land Use
Element.) Policy--Land Use Element

a. Provide larger mixed use buffer zones.

Policy-Land Use Element

Land Use Element separates most intense Manufacturing zones from Residential zones.

2. Develop performance standards for new uses (see Performance Standards in Land
Use Element).

Policy-Land Use Element

a. Include noise standards for new construction of housing and manufacturing
Policy-Environmental Quality Element

b. Amend Noise Ordinance to apply multi-family zone noise standards to mixed-use
areas that permit residential uses.

Currently Being Addressed

Health & Human Services Department is in process of preparing new Noise Ordinance.

3. Investigate problem noise sources and develop appropriate solutions through
negotiation or enforcement.

Policy-Environmental Quality Element

a. Identify sources of night noise.

Study-Environmental Quality Element

b. Impose Use Permit conditions Currently Being Addressed

Limitations on permitted noise levels are already incorporated in some Use Permits.
Staff will continue to review the mechanisms whereby such limits might be best
implemented, whether through performance standards, standard Use Permit
conditions, or other means.

c. When City lacks authority develop self-enforced "Good neighbor agreements"
between industry (and/or institutions) and residents.

Study-Environmental Quality Element

Analysis would identify situations where such Agreements are needed, would discuss
how institutional mechanisms that are fair to all parties could be created to develop and
monitor Agreements.

4. Regulate truck circulation

Policy-Transportation Element

a. Pass Truck Route Ordinance

Currently Being Addressed

Truck Route Ordinance has been modified to prohibit through truck traffic on local
residential streets.

5. Construct sound walls along the Freeway

a. Study feasibility of University-Gilman sound wall.

Study-Environmental Quality Element

b. Implement Aquatic Park Master Plan policy--construct acoustic berm

Policy-Urban Design Element

c. Negotiate with Caltrans for construction of a sound wall, if feasible.

Further Research Needed

Caltrans apparently unlikely to find any such project until City and Caltrans reach
agreement on I-80 plans.



VII. Bio-Hazardous Materials


The primary non-federal regulatory vehicle in this emerging field is the 1991 California
Medical Waste Management Act. (There are a number of federal regulatory statutes,
primarily administered by the Food and Drug Administration--FDA.) All large
quantity generators of medical waste, and small quantity generators using certain
disposal techniques must register. The City of Berkeley had intended to become the
local Administering Agency for this Act. However, the City found that fee levels
permitted by the State were not commensurate with program responsibilities and costs.
Therefore, like most jurisdictions which had the chance to operate the program,
Berkeley declined.

This decision will hold at least through the 1991-92 fiscal year, and perhaps beyond.
Since the City will not be administering the Act, the implementation actions which flow
from doing so are not feasible. Task 1 in this section is to Enforce the 1991 Medical
Waste Management Act. The subtasks are to a. Research the Issues, including source
reduction; b. Develop Medical Waste Management Program, to be fee supported; c.
Establish City of Berkeley as local enforcement agency to administer 1991 Medical
Waste Management Act., and d. Review Medical Waste Management Program after 1st
year. All but the last of these subtasks--which staff plans to do--is not feasible.

Task 2 is to Increase Inspections. Subtasks are a. Identify Medical Waste generators
such as medical and dental offices, clinics, hospitals, surgery centers, laboratories
(medical & research), veterinary offices, clinics, hospitals, and pet shops,; b. Evaluate the
practicality of regulating household medical waste; c. Identify problem companies,
health risks, and possible strategies. All of these tasks are based on administration of
the Medical Waste Management Act and are thus not feasible. Task 3 is to Develop risk
management and communication, with the subtask of technical assistance workshop.
This task is also not feasible, because it too relies on Medical Waste Management Act
information.

 


Appendix B

Cultural Resources of West Berkeley

West Berkeley is not generally thought of as Berkeley's cultural center, but there is a
great deal of cultural life and activity here. West Berkeley's large spaces, relatively low
rents, and ethnic diversity are among the factors which make it a good home for
cultural activities. West Berkeley is an important locale for artists and craftspeople, for
live music performances, and for ethnic restaurants and groceries, among other cultural
resources. The historic buildings and areas of West Berkeley, and its parks and open
spaces are also cultural resources which are discussed elsewhere in this Element. There
are a wide variety of cultural resources, some of which not everyone would see as
resources.

The strong community of artists and craftspeople which exists in West Berkeley is
clearly such a resource. There are studios and worksites at locations such as the
Kawneer Building (8th & Parker), the Nexus Institute (8th & Carleton), the Kala
Institute (9th & Heinz), and other sites. Indeed, the East Bay Open Studio tour, which
annually opens artists' private studios to the public listed no less than 26 West Berkeley
venues and 59 individual studios in West Berkeley in 1992.

Live music is another West Berkeley cultural element. Current live music venues
include Freight & Salvage (Addison E. of San Pablo) and Ashkenaz (San Pablo near
Gilman) for folk music, Thunder Bay (Bolivar near Addison) and the 924 Gilman club
for rock music, and Picante (6th near Gilman) for jazz. There have been live theatres in
West Berkeley, but are none operating currently.

The written word is also represented in West Berkeley. The West Berkeley Branch of
the Berkeley Public Library (University E. of San Pablo) sponsors a wide range of
literary activities, including Spanish language book discussion groups. West Berkeley
also houses the Niebyl-Proctor Marxist Library for Social Research in historic landmark
Finn Hall. West Berkeley also has specialized bookstores in architecture-Builders'
Booksource (4th St. N. of Hearst), ecology-Ecology Center (San Pablo S. of Dwight), and
poetry-Small Press Distribution (San Pablo N. of Hearst).

Culture is perhaps most often experienced in the form of food. The 57 eating and
drinking places in West Berkeley include Afro-American, American, American Seafood,
Californian, Cambodian, Caribbean, Chinese, Indian, Japanese, Mexican and other
restaurants. West Berkeley food buyers can take advantage of groceries oriented to
Caribbean, Indian, Middle Eastern, Thai and other cuisines. Some of West Berkeley's
restaurants and bars-such as Spenger's and Brennan's-are longtime establishments
which are themselves part of West Berkeley history.

West Berkeley is also home to gambling places. The Golden Gate Fields racetrack lies
adjacent to the plan area at Gilman St. & West Frontage Rd., and is situated in both
Albany and Berkeley. San Pablo north of Gilman is home to a bingo parlor which
supports a number of charitable and religious groups.

There has been a public bathhouse in West Berkeley for decades.

In addition to being a locale where culture is enjoyed, it is also one where cultural
products are created and produced. In addition to art and craft studios, there are also
film, video, and record production companies in West Berkeley, at the Fantasy Building
(10th & Carleton) and in other locations. West Berkeley is home to most of Berkeley's
printing industry, and to some publishers, such as Nolo Press and Ten Speed Press.


Figure 8-1: Cultural Resources of West Berkeley, 1993 (PDF 27.77KB)


 

Appendix C
Recommended Parking Standards

Discussions of the West Berkeley Plan have highlighted the need to revise parking
standards. Currently, the Zoning Ordinance requires the same provision of parking (2
spaces per 1,000 sq. ft. of built space) for most commercial uses, despite the fact that
retail, office, and manufacturing uses impose substantially different parking demands.
The proposed standards also to some extent differentiate between the differing impacts
of different internal uses within a single facility (e.g. production vs. office within a
manufacturing plant). The standards are designed to reflect the impact of various uses
more accurately, not encourage undue reliance on the private automobile (by providing
excessive parking) and to provide an incentive for retention of manufacturing and
industrial uses, by lowering their parking standards.

Recommendations concerning parking standards:
Consider reduced standards for those areas of University Ave. and San Pablo Ave.
with strong transit service. Reduced standards in these areas could also assist in
developing and maintaining continuous commercial frontage. One approach in mixed
use buildings could be allowing the same parking space to serve as required parking for
both residential and commercial uses, especially neighborhood commercial uses.
Develop an appropriate standard when West Berkeley Plan zoning is adopted for
required bicycle parking when there is new construction and/or significant change of
use.
Permit a maximum distance of at least 500 feet between a development and required
parking serving it, rather than the current 300 feet. Allow in-lieu fees rather than on-site
provision of parking spaces for developments within 500 feet of an actual or planned
public parking facility.

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