Department of Planning & Development
Department of Planning & Development

Transportation Element 

 

I. STRATEGIC STATEMENT                 

Perhaps the single greatest challenge of the Southside Plan for the City and the University is to develop a coordinated response to the traffic and transportation issues in the Southside.  Few other concerns stir as much passion both inside these institutions and in the community at large.  An appropriate transportation strategy is critical to the economic vitality of local businesses, the operational success of area institutions, the quality of life of residents and surrounding neighbors, and the ease of access for travelers to the Southside.  The Transportation Element develops a coordinated approach to Southside transportation issues and a transportation policy framework.

Three overarching goals guide the objectives and policies of this Element:

  • Increase the quality, amenity and use of all non-automotive modes 

  • ·Reduce the number of trips to, from and through the Southside made in single-occupant automobiles.

  • ·Improve pedestrian and bicycle safety 

II. PLANNING CONTEXT

The City and the University operate with differing, though not necessarily conflicting, understandings of the Southside.  To the City, the Southside is home to its highest volume retail district, its greatest concentration of residents (primarily students), and is surrounded by some of its best-established neighborhoods and community groups.  The Southside is also an example of one of Berkeley’s truly pedestrian-oriented neighborhoods in which most residents do not own cars.  Yet these residents live in a highly congested area.  A complex conundrum is that the Southside must be a place which is at once easy to get to, yet where the transportation system and related infrastructure do not overwhelm or destroy the very qualities which draw people to the area. 

To the University, the Southside is a vital neighborhood providing significant support and services to the institution and a welcoming home to many of its students.  Key amenities offered at the University such as Zellerbach Hall events and basketball and football games are reached via the Southside.  Under the 1990 Long Range Development Plan (LRDP) for the campus, the Southside continues to hold a third of University affiliated parking.  More than 60% of University beds available for students are also housed in the Southside.  The 1990-2005 Long Range Development Plan anticipated the trends to continue.  Everyone at the University, a student resident, sports fan and staff commuter, has a stake in the vitality of the Southside and in the ability of the University to reduce congestion while facilitating access to the campus.

The challenges of balancing all transportation modes, as called for in the goals of this Element, should not be underestimated.  Level of service tests conducted by Fehr & Peers Associates (as part of the Southside Circulation Study, Phase I) indicate that sections of the Southside’s limited roadway system are already near capacity.  Existing streets will not be widened, nor will new streets be added.  Regional traffic from the area must drive on surface streets for approximately two miles before reaching the freeway.  In addition, City policy for the last 25 years has limited the number of streets which can be used to reach the Southside in order to limit the number of residents exposed to large volumes of traffic.  The policy, which has led to the installation of a system of traffic diverters, has been largely successful in protecting neighborhood streets, but does place great demands on the arterials.

To create a meaningful plan to accomplish the City’s and the University’s objectives, the City and the University have undertaken a Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Study for the Southside and the downtown area.  The TDM study recommendations include trip reduction measures, programs to better manage existing parking supply, programs to improve transit service and encourage transit use, and programs to maximize the effectiveness of bicycling.  These recommended programs have been incorporated into this Plan and the City’s General Plan.

Recommended TDM programs and activities include:

  • Development of an EcoPass program to provide area employees with transit passes

  • Expansion of shuttle systems

  • Installation of bus shelters and improved provision of transit information

  • Working with AC Transit to improve frequency and reliability of transit service

  • Promotion of bicycling as everyday transportation

  • Additional bicycle parking

  • Better management of the existing parking supply

  • Possible reallocation of existing parking to better serve users

  • Refining the Residential Parking Permit program to reduce abuse

  • Eliminating minimum parking requirements for housing

  • Incentives for employees, students and visitors to live locally

Given that broad improvements to the local and regional transportation system require cooperation between different agencies, other planning studies have bearing on the Southside Plan’s transportation and parking policies including:  the Southside Circulation Study (which serves as background analysis for the Southside Plan) and AC Transit’s Major Investment Study for the San Leandro-Berkeley corridor, which includes a discussion of light rail as a future option.  These studies are described in more detail in the Related Planning Studies Section.

The University also recently completed two other studies related to parking and transportation: the Campus Parking Study, prepared by the Physical and Environmental Planning office and published in October, 1998, and the UC Berkeley Campus Parking Policy and Planning Options Study, prepared by Wilbur Smith Associates and completed in February, 1999.  Additional information has been provided by the 1998 Warring St. Origin/Destination Study, sponsored by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories.

III. EXISTING CONDITIONS 

The physical environment of the Southside is typified by medium scale buildings built to the sidewalk and a gentle sloping terrain, making the area highly walkable.  As mentioned earlier, the University campus and the Southside together have the highest densities of both employment and population of any neighborhood in Berkeley.  There are 3,000 employees working in the Southside, approximately 13,000 University and affiliate jobs on the central campus, and 3,000 employees at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory northeast of the plan area. The Southside’s more than 11,000 residents live primarily in “group quarters” such as residence halls, cooperatives, fraternities and sororities.

The Willard and LeConte neighborhoods are located south of the Southside Plan area.  Telegraph Avenue, the main auto and transit corridor which runs down the middle of the Southside also is the boundary between the Le Conte and Willard neighborhoods, with Le Conte located west of Telegraph south of Dwight Way and Willard located east of Telegraph.  They are primarily residential areas with a mixture of single family and multi-family buildings but with increasing proportions of single-family houses to the south.  To the east are the Panoramic Hill and the Dwight-Hillside neighborhoods, generally low-density areas on the eastern hillside.  Their access to the rest of Berkeley is through the Southside.  Further to the southeast is the Claremont-Elmwood neighborhood, with the Derby-Belrose-Warring corridor running through it, providing access between the campus and the Caldecott Tunnel.  The Southside merges into the Downtown to the west.

A.  Pedestrian Travel  

Map TP-1: Pedestrian Counts at Intersections (PDF 206.51KB)

The Southside is first and foremost a pedestrian neighborhood.  The number of pedestrians crossing Bancroft Way at Telegraph Avenue rivals any downtown intersection in San Francisco.  Indeed, it has been reported that more than 2,500 pedestrians pass through the intersection of Bancroft and Telegraph at peak hours.  Pedestrian passageways, some lined with retail uses, bisect certain blocks.  On certain weekend days Telegraph is almost impassable on the sidewalk, a condition that causes problems for disabled access.

Overall, it is estimated that about 17,000 students, faculty and staff walk to campus each weekday.

The comfort and safety of the pedestrian in the Southside is of highest priority to the City and University.  However, existing conditions are challenging to pedestrians. With the exception of Durant Avenue from Dana Street to Bowditch Street, the sidewalks are often narrow and many are in disrepair.  And with the exception of Telegraph Avenue, there are few street trees on the commercial streets.  For a highly traveled area, there is no directional signage in the area, nor are there informational kiosks or directories.

In addition, daytime auto traffic in the area is often intense and fast moving, facilitated by the area’s one-way streets.  The level of traffic undermines the pedestrian orientation of the neighborhood and poses real safety risks to pedestrians.  The City of Berkeley’s Bicycle and Pedestrian Task Force’s  Evaluation and Recommendations Report found that six intersections in the Southside are among the fifteen on the list of the “Ten Highest Pedestrian Collision Intersections” in the City

These high hazard intersections are:

  • Durant and Telegraph

  • Bancroft and College

  • Dwight and Telegraph

  • Bancroft and Bowditch

  • Bancroft and Dana

  • Bancroft and Telegraph

All six intersections include one-way streets.

A parallel issue is pedestrian safety at night, a major concern of the City, University, student groups, and the Telegraph Area Association.  This issue is discussed at length in the Public Safety Element.

B.  Automobile Access and Travel

map_tp2.jpg 

The Southside is situated at some distance from the East Bay highway network.  As Map TP-2 illustrates, the nearest freeway entrances are approximately 2 miles away: Interstate 80 at University Avenue west of Downtown, Highway 24 at Telegraph, and Highway 13 at Tunnel Road.  Thus drivers using these highways must access the area via arterial streets such as the Derby/Belrose/Warring corridor, Telegraph Avenue, Shattuck Avenue, Martin Luther King Jr. Way, Dwight Way and University Avenue. 

Among the streets leading to the Southside, only Telegraph Avenue (to Dwight Way), Shattuck Avenue, and University Avenue consistently provide four travel lanes.  Once in the Southside, there is mainly a one-way grid pattern of streets, running north-south and east-west (see Map T-3).

In its 1996 Southside Circulation Study, Phase I, Fehr & Peers Associates found that service levels at several Southside area intersections are poor.

The City of Berkeley Draft General Plan designates Dwight Way, Telegraph Avenue and College Avenue south of Haste Street as “major streets” for the movement of automobiles, trucks, buses, pedestrians and bicycles across the city connecting to the regional transportation network.  Bancroft Way, Durant Avenue, , Haste St. and the Derby/Belrose/Warring corridor are considered “collector” streets,” for the movement of automobiles, buses, pedestrians, and bicycles between neighborhoods and across the city.  The Draft General Plan designates all other streets in the Southside as “neighborhood streets,” for slow moving traffic, bicycles, and pedestrians traveling within a neighborhood. 

Finally, it should be noted that all five east/west streets in the Southside, as well as Telegraph and College Avenues, have been designated as emergency access and evacuation routes.  According to the Draft General Plan, these streets must be maintained for emergency access and emergency evacuation in case of a major disaster, such as wildlands fire, reservoir rupture or hazardous materials release.  These streets have been so designated because they provide the only direct access to Berkeley’s southern hill neighborhoods.   

Map TP-3: Existing Direction of Southside Streets (PDF 121.41KB)

C.  Bicycle Access and Travel  

Map TP-4: Existing and Proposed Bicycle Routes (PDF 144.39KB)

According to the City of Berkeley’s Bicycle Plan, nearly 4,000 persons in Berkeley bike to work every day, in addition to those adults and children who bike for pleasure and errands.  5% of Berkeley workers bike to work, the highest rate in Alameda County, and greatly exceeding the Bay Area average of 1.1%.  Many students at the University use the bicycle as their primary means of transportation.

Despite the high level of cycling, conditions in the Southside are not ideal for bike riders.  Some of the streets are narrow, typically 36 feet in width, barely enough room for traffic and parking, let alone bike lanes.  As most bicyclists have the same origins and destinations as motorists, most bicyclists share the roadway with auto traffic.  Cyclists are often forced to ride the wrong way on the Southside’s one-way streets to avoid circuitous routes of travel through the neighborhood.  In addition, there is a general shortage of bike parking in the Southside, particularly in and around the Telegraph commercial district. 

The City of Berkeley Bicycle Plan recommends several improvements to the bicycle system in the Southside.  As Map TP-4 indicates, the Bicycle Plan designates Channing Way from Piedmont Avenue all the way to Fourth Street, and Bowditch Street from Bancroft Way to Dwight Way continuing on Hillegass Street to the Oakland border, as “Bicycle Boulevards.”  Bicycle Boulevards are intended to serve as Berkeley’s primary bikeways and allow for the free-flow travel of cyclists (while also allowing autos).  Non-local auto travel is typically discouraged from traveling on these streets.  Bicycle Boulevards either have been, or will be, modified to enhance usability and the safety of bicyclists with amenities such as pavement legends, signage and traffic signals when appropriate to assist cyclists in crossing major streets.

The Bicycle Plan designates Dana Street and Fulton Street in the Southside as “Class 2 bike lanes” which means that these streets should, to the extent possible, include a striped lane for the exclusive use of bicyclists.  Telegraph Avenue, Bancroft Way and Piedmont Avenue have been designated as “Class 2.5 Bikeways” which, while considered shared roadways, will receive a series of smaller improvements, such as signage, repaving and signal retiming, to make travel by bicycle convenient and safe.

In early 1999, the University constructed a north-south bicycle route in the western portion of the campus, from Dana Street on the south side of campus to Arch Street on the north, providing a direct connection to the City’s bicycle system.  The campus is also seeking funds to build a second north-south path, connecting College Avenue on the south with Euclid Avenue on the north.  A system of east-west shared use paths and roadways is already in place.

In addition, the University has responded to a marked increase in bicycle travel and the related bike parking needs by adding additional bicycle racks throughout campus.  The City will be adding bike racks at key locations in the Telegraph retail district in the near future.  

Map TP-5: AC Transit Lines Serving the Southside and Downtown (PDF 279.32KB)

D.  Public Transit and University Shuttles 

Both Downtown Berkeley and the Southside were first developed in the 19th century around streetcar lines.  Downtown in particular has remained at the center of Berkeley’s public transit network.

Transit service faces a physical constraint on Telegraph Avenue north of Dwight Way.  Telegraph is a one-way (northbound) street heavily used by delivery trucks serving businesses on Telegraph, as well as by other vehicles.  Traffic congestion on Telegraph Avenue slows the progress of buses, which, because they are so large, have even more difficulty navigating around double-parked vehicles than do passenger cars.  In addition, amenities for bus riders are lacking.  Lack of bus shelters and transit information (maps and schedules at bus stops) discourages bus ridership.  Introduction of information postings and bus shelters will help remedy this.

The Southside and downtown Berkeley are very well served by transit.  AC Transit serves the Southside with 7 lines; 4 more converge in downtown Berkeley for a total of 11 lines serving most parts of Berkeley, as well as parts of Albany, Kensington, El Cerrito, Richmond, Oakland, and San Francisco.  The Southside is less than one mile from the Downtown BART station, less than two miles away from the Rockridge Station on College Avenue in Oakland, and just under two miles from the Ashby Station on Adeline Street.

UC Berkeley operates a number of shuttles that together provide approximately 4000 daily rides: the daytime perimeter shuttle, the hill shuttle, a night safety shuttle, and shuttles to the Richmond Field Station and Albany Village.  In the summer of 1999, the campus instituted an experimental counter-clockwise shuttle, “the Southside Shuttle,” from the BART Station and up Durant, cutting the travel time for people traveling from downtown to the Southside in half.

The campus pioneered the use of natural gas buses in collaboration with the Bay Area Air Quality Management District.  Currently, the campus shuttle fleet of eight full sized buses consists of three diesel and five natural gas buses.

E. Travel Patterns 

Travel and traffic patterns in the Southside are affected by a complex set of regional, subregional (East Bay) and local factors. Travel patterns also vary by time of day, day of the week, and when the University is in session.

A number of factors work to reduce motor vehicle traffic in the Southside below the level that the number of jobs, students, and residents in the area might otherwise generate.  Thousands of students and workers live close enough to school or work to reach it on foot or by bicycle. Transit is also an (increasingly) important mode of travel.  Only 46% of employees (University and other) in the overall Southside/campus/Downtown Berkeley area drive alone to work, the lowest percentage in the East Bay.  Southside stores and restaurants also draw a great deal of their clientele from people living, working, and/or going to the school in the Southside and campus area. In addition, the growing use of the Internet, particularly in a highly educated community such as Berkeley, means that people can increasingly access information, goods, or services without making a physical trip.

Yet other factors tend to generate auto trips into and through the Southside.  The University, other institutions, and Southside businesses are important destinations for the region as a whole. Trips to the Southside from the inner East Bay subregion of Northern Alameda County and Western Contra Costa County (or roughly Crockett through Oakland) are particularly important. While some areas in the East Bay have effective and well-used transit to the Southside, others do not.  In addition, the many non-commute trips to the Southside for entertainment, shopping, or other purposes are more likely to be made by auto, especially if they originate relatively far from the Southside.

As mentioned previously Southside is not only a destination, but a travel route to other points in the Berkeley area. Southside streets, particularly the Bancroft/Durant and Haste/Dwight pairs, serve as major east-west routes through Berkeley.  This role is accentuated by the frequent congestion on the major alternative east-west route: Ashby Avenue.  In addition, there are no east-west major or collector streets for the relatively long distance of some 2/3 of a mile between Ashby and Dwight.  Moreover, two major north-south streets serving North Oakland and Southeast Berkeley, Telegraph Avenue and College Avenue, end at the UC campus, forcing through traffic onto east-west streets on the Southside.

The most detailed data measuring drivers’ origins and destinations is the Warring Street Origin/Destination study, conducted by interviewing drivers on Warring Street in fall 1998 on behalf of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.  That study found that only 6% of the (all day) northbound traffic on Warring St. was headed for a destination outside Berkeley, and 11% of the southbound traffic on Warring originated outside Berkeley.  UC Berkeley was the destination of 37% of the northbound traffic, and the origin of 27% of the southbound traffic.  However, patterns varied sharply by time of day: in the “AM peak” or “rush” hour, 70% of northbound traffic was destined for the University (the corresponding southbound PM peak figure was 43%).  North Berkeley, was the origin and destination of more than 20% of traffic, while Downtown Berkeley was the origin or destination of 15% of traffic.

Available data indicates that Berkeley commute patterns have remained centered on the inner East Bay, despite the suburban expansion of recent decades.  The most comprehensive data is available at the subregional level, which includes Berkeley, Albany, Emeryville, and North Oakland.  In 1970, 44% of people who worked in the subregion also lived in it, and thus commuted to work within it.  In 1990, the figure was marginally lower at 40%.  In 1970, 79% of the people who worked in the area lived in the East Bay corridor between Pinole and Oakland. By 1990, this figure had fallen only slightly to 73%.

University students and staff appear to have mirrored these patterns.  In 1996, 76% of UC faculty and staff lived in the Pinole-to-Oakland East Bay corridor.  In 1990, residents of this corridor made up a virtually identical 77% of the UC workforce.  It is unclear how many UC faculty and staff live within the sub-region because published data does not distinguish North Oakland from other areas of Oakland. In 1996, 37% of faculty and staff lived in Berkeley, Albany, and Emeryville, with an additional 17% in Oakland.  Students are highly concentrated locally, and have maintained their percentage of residence in Berkeley over time.  The 1998 Campus Parking Study indicates that 70% of UC students lived in Berkeley in 1980, 72% in 1996. 

Table TP-1:  Student Travel Modes 

Mode of Travel

 

Percent of Students

Walk

 

 

53%

Transit

 

 

14%

Other (including bicycle)

14%

Carpool

 

 

3%

Drive Alone

 

16%

Total

 

 

100%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table TP-2:  Campus Population and Daily Attendance

Type

 

Total Headcount

 

Daily Peak Attendance

Students

 

 

29,797

 

20,858

Faculty/Teaching Positions

1,759

 

1,319

Other Academic

 

1,736

 

1,042

Post-docs/Visiting Scholars

1,975

 

1,185

Staff

 

 

7,698

 

6,158

Visitors or Vendors

 

1,200

 

290

Total

 

 

44,165

 

30,852

Source:  Campus Parking Study, 1998

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commuters whose destination is the Southside are largely University-related.  More than 30,000 people come to the campus daily, arriving by many modes of travel.  The drive alone rate for students is extremely low, measuring approximately 16% of the student population.  Auto use increases with age of student, so that upper division and graduate students have increasingly higher drive alone rates; auto use among students is also impacted by distance of residence from campus, and employment in a non-UC job.  Of students driving to campus in 1997, only 39% parked in a UC structure.  31% used unpaid parking off the campus, and 29% used paid parking off-campus.  A decline in the proportion of students using unpaid parking, from 39% in 1988 to 32% in 1997, may reflect increased residential permit parking zones and/or increasing competition for free parking with non-campus users.  In a 1999 survey of a random sample of students sponsored by the Associated Students of the University of California (ASUC), 88% of students indicated that they would like to live close to campus without a car; of those students who have cars, 78% would prefer to live close to campus in “livable” “affordable” housing without a car.

Table TP-3:  Faculty and Staff Travel Corridors 

Corridor

 

Percent of Commuters

I-80 from Albany north

 

10.5%

!-80 from Emeryville South

4.6%

Highway 13

 

9.6%

Highway 24

 

14.9%

I-580

 

 

6.8%

Local Streets

 

53.5%

Total

 

 

100.0%

Source:  Campus Parking Study, 1998

 

 

 

 

 

 

About 59% of staff and 65% of faculty drive to campus, most driving alone, according to the 1996 Faculty/Staff survey.  Auto use has been decreasing, the Campus Parking Study indicates that in 1996 65% of faculty commuted by auto, compared to 70% 11 years earlier; in 1996, 58% of staff commuted by car, compared to 70% eleven years earlier.  Approximately 41% of faculty and 27% of staff live in Berkeley, with a trend for both increasingly to live outside Berkeley.  Factors such as increasing permit costs, successful trip reduction efforts, diminished supply, may account for these reductions.

The Southside is home to the city’s most vibrant, highest volume commercial district.  No data is available to show mode split for merchants or shoppers in the area.

F.  Parking in the Southside 

Current Parking Supply 

The City and University are the two primary providers of parking in the Southside.  In addition, many religious institutions and private parking companies provide some amount of public parking in the area.  All told, there are nearly 3700 Southside parking spaces (available for public parking or long-term commuter parking), not including the nearly 1500 on-street parking spaces that are available to the public.

The City’s share of the area’s parking includes the 430 space Sather Gate Garage (just west of Telegraph Avenue between Durant Avenue and Channing Way) and approximately 1500 on-street spaces. The City has no current plans to expand or reduce its parking supply in the Southside.

Virtually no on street parking in the Southside is available for more than two hours during the daytime, Monday through Saturday.  The City’s on street spaces, other than loading zones, are generally either metered (570 spaces) or restricted to two-hour parking for cars without a Resident Permit Parking (850 spaces). 

Approximately 24% (1,800) [these numbers need to be double-checked before being used October 1998 Campus Parking Survey, page 31, Figure 5-4 says 2203 spaces in Southside.  Difference may be due to Clark Kerr Campus which is considered to be in Hill area in Table F-2] of the University’s 7,400 parking spaces (including both marked and attended space) are located in the Southside (including attendant spaces).  The majority of these parking spaces are in four parking lots:  Anna Head, Underhill, Bancroft and Fulton (at the Tang Center) and the lot below the tennis courts at Channing and Ellsworth.  The vast majority of University parking (88%) is allocated as commuter spaces, while small proportions are provided for student residents (5%), visitors (4%), and service and delivery needs (3%).  Tables F-2 and F-3 provide a summary of University parking facility capacities. 

Map TP-6: Publicly Available Parking Location (PDF 275.09KB)

Table TP-4:  Standard Daily Parking Cost Comparison, 1999

 

Parking Location and Facility

Daily Rate

 

Monthly Rate

Downtown

 

 

 

 

 

 

Center Street Garage

 

$12

 

$115

 

Great Western Garage

 

$12

 

$115

 

2020 Kittridge Garage (upper)

$12

 

$125

 

2020 Kittridge Garage (lower)

$12

 

$150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Southside

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sather Gate Garage

 

$12

 

$115

 

Bancroft Center Garage

 

$13

 

n/a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

University

 

 

 

 

 

 

Central Campus

 

$10

 

$74

 

Faculty/Staff

 

$5

 

$54

 

Student

 

 

$5

 

$49

Source:  UC Berkeley Parking and Transportation Division and City of Berkeley Finance Department

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The City's parking policies in the Southside and elsewhere are based on a well-established relationship: in general, the more that parking is available in an area, the more people will drive to it.  This is particularly true when there is high demand to travel to a given area.

The relationship between parking and automobile use is not a simple, straight line relationship.  It is affected by many other factors, including the level of congestion in reaching the area, the price of parking in the area and the availability of other transportation modes to the area.

The City seeks to find the balance point of "just enough" parking in the Southside, between the problem areas of "not enough" parking or "too much" parking.  This balance cannot be determined by mechanical application of "parking need" ratios.  These ratios have generally been developed in and for suburban areas which lack the transit service, non-automotive mode use, or congestion which is found on the Southside.  This balance can only be struck by a careful analysis of what is appropriate for the Southside.  The Transportation Demand Management (TDM) Study provides this analysis, as well as suggesting how existing parking can be better managed and more fully used.

One way that the City seeks an appropriate balance of parking is through providing the "right kind" of parking.  The City orients its parking to short-term and resident-oriented uses.  This is because commuters (who would be all-day parkers) generally have more practical choice of non-automotive modes than do shoppers and short-term visitors.  Experience, including the trip reduction efforts of the University, has shown that there is greater likelihood of shifting commuters' than shoppers' travel modes.  This emphasis is reflected in policies in the draft General Plan, which call upon the City to emphasize short-term parking.  

Map TP-7: Campus Parking Locations (PDF 337.65KB)

The balance between "too much" and "not enough" parking changes by time of day and is affected by the price of parking.  Paid public parking in the Southside is generally readily available at night or on the weekends, except when there are performances at Zellerbach Hall or basketball games in the Haas Pavilion.  The City has now established a night time flat rate of $2.00 at the Sather Gate Garage, paralleling its practice at the Center Street Garage downtown.  Most University parking lots in the area are available to the public for a flat rate of $5.00 on evenings and weekends; the Anna Head lot offers parking by the half hour on evenings and weekends.  Merchants say, however, that the cost of after-hours public parking in University parking lots is too high and that the signage in the University parking lots authorizing public parking is confusing.  In addition, the City’s signage directing visitors to public parking is often insufficient and confusing.

Table TP-5:  Total Parking Supply in the Southside by Landowner (3) 

Includes both public and restricted parking spaces

 

 

 

 

Striped Spaces

Attendant Spaces (Valet Spaces)

Subtotal

University owned (1) 

 

1443

371

1814

City owned (2) 

 

430

0

430

Church or other non profit

477

47

524

Privately owned

 

620

49

669

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subtotal

 

 

2970

467

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL NUMBER OF

3437

 

 

 

 

PARKING SPACES

 

Source:  City of Berkeley and the Telegraph Area Association Parking Inventory (September 1999)

 

Note:   

(1)  The University owns another 890 parking spaces on the Central Campus with entrances off Bancroft Way and Piedmont Avenue.

 

 

(2)  The City parking figures do not include on-street parking.  The City also oversees 570 metered parking spaces and 580 residential parking permit spaces in the Southside.

 

(3)  This table excludes private parking on residential properties.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Public parking, particularly short-term parking, is not readily available around midday on weekdays in the Southside (this is a general finding of the TDM study; parking is available at other times of day).  Merchants, street artists, and cultural venues such as the Berkeley Art Museum/Pacific Film Archive are particularly hard hit by the lack of short-term parking during the week.  At the Sather Gate Garage, the City has reduced short term parking charges (25 cents for the first hour), increased all-day rates, and reduced the number of monthly parking spaces from 150 to 105.

The City, along with numerous community members, is also concerned about the potential effects of the proposed net addition of some 690 parking spaces by construction of a parking structure at the "Underhill" site, along College Avenue between Channing Way and Haste Street.  The City is not only concerned about the potential trip-inducing effects of the project, but also about its location near two congested corridors, along two designated bicycle boulevards and abutting a distinctly residential subarea of the Southside.

While many University constituents desire additional campus parking, the Berkeley campus also supports a diverse and vital incentive program to reduce single occupancy vehicle ridership among students, faculty and staff.  In addition to the extensive campus shuttle system that connects the major transit stops at downtown Berkeley (BART, AC Transit) to the central campus and perimeter, the University adds a $36 fee on every issued parking permit to support campus transit programs

Table TP-6:  Distribution of University Parking, 1999

 

 

 

Location

 

# of Striped Spaces

# of Attendant Spaces

Total Spaces

Percent of Total

Central Campus

 

 

 

 

 

 

Northeast Quadrant

 

174

 

174

 

 

Northwest Quadrant

 

503

 

503

 

 

Southeast Quadrant

 

492

60

552

 

 

Southwest Quadrant

 

663

97

760

 

 

 

Subtotal

1832

157

1989

27.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Southside

 

1443

371

1814

24.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hill Area*

 

1832

125

1957

26.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Downtown/Oxford Track

 

416

68

484

6.5%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Northside

 

855

270

1125

15.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

 

133

 

133

2.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Campus

 

6511

991

7501

100.0%

*Includes Clark Kerr Campus

 

 

 

 

 

Source:  Campus Parking Study, 1998

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Incentives for vanpool and mini-vanpools (eight or more passengers) include vanpool cost subsidies, reserved van parking and participation in a guaranteed ride home program.  Currently, the campus supports seven vanpools and mini-vanpools.  Employees carpooling with just one other person can reduce by about half the cost of a parking permit, and the reductions increase with additional riders.  A carpool of five University employees may be allowed to park for free.  There are currently 51 staff carpool registrations and 46 student carpools. 

Table TP-7:  University Parking in the Southside, 1999

Location

# of Striped Spaces

Attendant Spaces

Total

Anna Head Lot

238

50

288

College/Durant

66

 

66

Underhill

325

115

440

Bancroft/Fulton (Tang Center)

232

54

286

Ellsworth/Channing

271

112

383

Haste/Channing (Cleary Hall)

37

 

37

Dwight Way (at Telegraph)

26

 

26

Dana/Durant (near Stiles Hall)

84

40

124

Epworth (east)

27

 

27

Epworth (west)

10

 

10

Unit I Lot

35

 

35

Shorb House Lot

8

 

8

Bowditch

1

 

1

Unit II Lot

21

 

21

Miscellaneous

62

 

62

Total

1443

371

1814

Source:  Department of Parking and Transportation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BART or AC Transit passes are available to campus employees on a pre-tax basis (as are parking permits).  As of December 1999, approximately 150 UC employees purchase tickets on a monthly basis through this option.  Through Berkeley TRiP the campus offers additional $6 discounts on monthly purchases of transit passes to employees and incentives to new employees include six $15 monthly discounts on any transit ticket or pass.  The transit discount pass also allows free rides on campus shuttles.  Approximately 800 University employees annually take advantage of these discount programs.

As of October 2002 over 27,000students (approximately 85% of the student body) have picked up an AC Transit Class Pass.  In exchange for a self-assessed  $32.20 fee each semester on all Berkeley students, students have unlimited access to routes in the East Bay and to San Francisco, as well as campus shuttle routes.  The drive alone rate for students decreased from 15% in 1997 to 11 % in 2000; whether this is a direct correlation to the Class Pass is unknown.

The campus has reduced parking for residence hall residents, developed extensive informational programs for students, staff, faculty and season ticket holders for sports and other campus events, and developed material to support flexible work hours and programs.  A shuttle service serves the BART station and Memorial Stadium on football game days.  An occasional parking program has been developed to discourage purchase of regular parking permits by individuals with only occasional need.  Participation is limited to those without a parking permit:  currently about 10 students and 180 employees use the program.

Annually, approximately 938 bicycles are registered through the UC police, representing only a proportion of those who use bicycles as a means of transit to campus.  To further encourage use of alternative modes, the campus runs the Berkeley Lock Program, providing a $15 subsidy toward a high quality lock.

The University has also been active in improving conditions for pedestrians traveling to and from the campus.  The University wrote the application for ISTEA funds for the Center Street improvements, which was awarded to the City in 1995.  A total of over $725,000 in matching Federal-City-University funds was eventually spent in transforming the route from the downtown Berkeley BART station to the campus into a pedestrian-friendly (and café-filled) experience.

H. Alternative Transportation Programs: Improving the Balance

Despite efforts by both the University and the City to encourage non-automotive transit to and from the Southside, there is still much more to be done by both.  The transportation system, not only on the Southside but throughout the Bay Area, favors the single occupant automobile.  The structure of incentives and subsidies for automobile travel is such an integral part of the regional and indeed national transportation system that they are often invisible.  It is necessary to make the alternatives to driving easier to use and more appealing whenever possible.

Fortunately, Berkeley in general, and the Southside in particularly, are far less auto-oriented than most of the Bay Area, due in large part to the rich panoply of non-automotive travel resources available in the area:

  • The Downtown Berkeley BART station is one block from the west edge of campus;

  • Eleven AC Transit lines come within one block of campus;

  • The University and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory operate well-used shuttle systems;

  • Bicycling is a viable and well-used mode of transportation, accommodated through designated bike routes and growing amounts of bike parking;

  • Walking is also an important commute mode, especially for students, thousands of who live in the predominantly multi-family (and group quarter) neighborhoods near the campus.

Indeed, as reported earlier, the largest percentage of “commuters” (students) in the Southside arrive to their daily destination by walking.  The 1990 Census confirms that car ownership rate in the Southside is the lowest in Berkeley; 52% of the population living in households in the Southside do not own a car. Given that the area also has thousands of residents living in “group quarters” such as dormitories, fraternities, sororities, and coops (as opposed to households), almost none of whom own cars, the per capita car ownership rate on the Southside is even lower. Students who live in residence halls are not permitted to bring their cars to campus, except under special circumstances.  A conservative estimate would be that over 70% of Southside residents do not own cars.  This estimate is consistent with ASUC survey data which found that 64% of all students (including those living outside Berkeley) do not have cars locally.  

Whatever their view of the role of the auto in the community, and the impact of parking in the neighborhood, most stakeholders in the Southside neighborhood, including the City and the University, agree on the importance of making other methods of travel safer, cheaper, faster and more pleasant.  The City and the University have been working to improve alternative modes of transportation to and from the Southside.  Along with AC Transit, both institutions are engaged in, or commencing, a number of initiatives to help reduce automobile travel and achieve a better balance between all transportation modes:

Reducing transit costs:  The most important reduction of transit costs has come through the University’s highly successful AC Transit Class Pass Program.  In spring 1999, students voted to make a “free” bus pass available to all students in exchange for a $18 increase in student fees each semester.  This program has led to an increase in student transit use and a reduction in student parking demand.  The City of Berkeley has created an EcoPass program with AC Transit for City of Berkeley employees.  It is hoped that this program will include other area employers as well and include BART along with AC Transit.  The TDM study calls for an EcoPass program for UC employees and other Southside employees.

Improving and simplifying transit service:  A number of transit service upgrades are planned.  The University is testing a two-way shuttle system from Downtown Berkeley BART around the campus, making a fast shuttle trip from BART to the Southside possible.  AC Transit recently improved service on a number of lines serving campus, such as the 52 to Albany Village and the 64 to Rockridge, in part to respond to expected demand increases from the Classpass.  The F line to San Francisco now loops around the campus, providing all day transit to Downtown San Francisco.  Weekend service has been restored on other lines.  The City and University have participated in AC Transit’s Major Investment Study that analyzed potential upgrades to service from Oakland along the Telegraph and College corridors to the Southside and Downtown Berkeley.

Providing information about transit:  Often people who do not use transit state that they do not know how to get to from their origin to their destination on transit.  Berkeley TriP, a joint City and University project, is one of the region’s best providers of transit information and transit tickets at its store and through its mobile outreach vans.  At a regional level, the Travinfo web site and telephone information line make information on all Bay Area transit systems available from a single source.

Improving bicycling conditions:  The University and the City are both working to increase bicycle parking in the Southside, and to improve the bicycle network.  The University has developed one new north-south bike routes across campus.  The City has begun planning for the bicycle boulevard network approved as part of the Bike Plan.

Bringing more residents to the Southside:  The University has a number of student housing projects in the Southside either built, under construction, or in the planning stage.  In 2002, the University completed one Southside student housing project at College and Durant, and began construction of four new housing buildings at Units I and II.  Construction was begun on another project at Channing and Bowditch during 2003.  Additional projects are projected, but not yet planned in detail.  These residents will obviously not need to drive to school or most services.  The City has also been working actively to assist a private developer in rebuilding housing at the former Berkeley Inn Site, including waiving hundreds of thousands of dollars in liens.

Reducing automobile use in the Southside: Both the City and the University have stated goals to reduce automobile travel to and from the Southside.  The Transportation Demand Management Study (TDM) programs provide more detailed guidance on this topic.  The Southside Plan takes a first step towards finding an appropriate balance of transportation modes in the Southside through the policies and objectives contained in the next section.

IV. Objectives and Policies 

The following objectives and policies have been developed based on an analysis of existing transportation, access and parking conditions in the Southside and the surrounding areas, and on the comments and thoughtful input of Berkeley citizens and University and City representatives.  The overall goal of this element is to improve the Southside circulation system by increasing the usability of mass transit, enhancing pedestrian and bicycle safety, calming and guiding traffic in the neighborhood, and providing convenient access to the University and the Telegraph Avenue retail district. 

Objective T-A:  Jointly advocate for improved mass transit and non-auto travel to the Southside.

Policy T-A1:  The City and University should jointly advocate to AC Transit and BART regarding the need for continued and ongoing improvement of transit service to the Southside.

Policy T-A2:  Form a collaborative partnership between the City, the University, Oakland and other jurisdictions, and the regional transit agencies to study and improve transit options and simplify transit connections throughout the Bay Area.

Policy T-A3:  Work with AC Transit to implement planned bus rapid transit through the Southside.  Advocate to AC Transit and the regional transportation bodies for light rail as a longer term way to provide cleaner, more efficient transit service for the Southside.  Ensure that College Avenue, Telegraph Avenue, Bancroft Way and Durant Avenue are evaluated as future light rail corridors.

Policy T-A4:  Both the City and the University and other Southside employers should work with AC Transit and BART to establish an “Eco Pass” program to provide free transit passes to their employees to reduce the cost of using transit relative to the cost of driving.

Policy T-A5:  As an interim measure, while Eco Pass program is being developed, encourage Southside employers to participate in Commuter Check program that allows employees to save money on transit by providing transit vouchers to employees that employees or employers can pay for with pre-tax dollars.

Objective T-B:  Increase the usability and enhance the amenity of public transit to, from, and within the Southside.

Policy T-B1:  Improve bus stops throughout the area.

A.    When feasible, add covered platforms, “bulb-outs” and appropriate street furniture at heavily used bus stops.

B.     Add clear signage, route maps and schedules, and adequate lighting at all Southside bus stops.

C.    Improve the Telegraph / Bancroft area, particularly Bancroft west of Telegraph, as a major "station" and destination point for transit, including appropriate loading, unloading, and waiting facilities for commuters using campus shuttles, conventional buses, and anticipated bus rapid transit or light rail. 

Policy T-B2:  Devise ways to decrease mass transit travel times through the Southside.

A.    Consider providing HOV (high occupancy vehicle) lanes or dedicated bus lanes on portions of Bancroft Way and Durant Avenue and on other bus routes in the Southside.

B.     Establish a planning criterion that major bus routes and shuttles should run at least   every ten minutes from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m.

C.    Work with AC Transit to consider restricting use of Telegraph from Dwight (or from Haste) to Bancroft to transit vehicles, commercial loading and bicycles to facilitate movement of transit vehicles and to create a more pedestrian-friendly environment.

D.    On Telegraph Avenue, and on other Southside streets with transit service, vigorously enforce traffic laws prohibiting double parking and ensure that trucks and other vehicles making deliveries to local businesses use designated loading zones.  Expand loading zones as needed to ensure that deliveries can be made efficiently without double-parking (see Policy T-F5).

E.     Work with AC Transit to consider restricting use of Telegraph from Dwight (or from Haste) to Bancroft to transit vehicles, commercial loading and bicycles to facilitate movement of transit vehicles and to create a more pedestrian-friendly environment.

 

Policy T-B3: Support and facilitate bus rapid transit through the Southside.

 

  • Consult with AC Transit about timing and type of traffic signals on transit routes through the Southside.  Make changes in the timing and type of signals to facilitate movement of buses while also improving safety for pedestrians.

  • Join with AC Transit to systematically evaluate all bus routes and UC shuttles serving the Southside and to establish dedicated lanes for buses wherever it will result in reduced travel time for buses.  Remove parking as necessary to optimize effectiveness of dedicated lanes.  Dedicated lanes should be considered on Bancroft, Durant, and Telegraph as well as on other streets used by transit vehicles.

  • Consider a route where buses would travel on Oxford and on the West Crescent on the UC campus in the northbound direction between Bancroft and University.  Consider stops at Telegraph and Dwight, Bancroft at Telegraph, West Crescent, Downtown BART, and Bancroft and Dana.

  • Work with AC Transit to consider the following circulation options to facilitate Bus Rapid Transit through the Southside:

1)     Conversion of Bancroft and Durant to two-way circulation with buses traveling both ways on Bancroft and with a restriction on through automobile traffic on Bancroft at Telegraph

2)     Creation of a transit/pedestrian mall on Telegraph between Dwight (or Haste) and Bancroft (allow commercial delivery and transit vehicles; private passenger vehicles would have to travel on other streets)

3)     Continuation of existing one-way circulation, with a contra-flow bus lane on Bancroft eastbound between Shattuck and Dana.  Northbound buses would travel on Telegraph and turn left on Bancroft.  Southbound buses would travel east on Bancroft, turn left on Dana, left on Dwight, and right on Telegraph.

4)     Continuation of existing one-way circulation and continuation of use of Bancroft/Durant and Telegraph/Dana couplets for buses.

 

Policy T-B4:  Ensure that adequate paratransit services are provided in the Southside. 

Objective T-C:  Improve travel and safety conditions for bicyclists and pedestrians.

Policy T-C1:  Develop and implement bike boulevard plans for Channing Way and Bowditch Street, per the City of Berkeley Bicycle Plan, and plan future developments on these streets accordingly.

Policy T-C2:  Encourage UC to improve north-south and east-west bicycle routes through campus that connect to the bicycle boulevards on Bowditch and Dana streets.

Policy T-C3:  Change Dana Street from one-way traffic to two-way traffic to improve its safety as a bike route.

 

A.    Provide wider travel lanes to accommodate both bicycles and automobiles while retaining existing on- street parking on the west side of the street.

B.     Remove the bicycle lanes and sign the street as a bike route.

Policy T-C4:  The City, University and private property owners should provide more short term and all-day and nighttime bike parking in the Southside and on campus.

A.    Add bike parking in Sather Gate Garage and the UC parking structure.

Policy T-C5:  Develop a program of sidewalk and intersection repair and improvements.

A.    Repave or repair Telegraph Avenue sidewalks when feasible.

B.     Repair damaged sidewalks and intersections throughout neighborhood.

  1. D.         Add zebra-striped crosswalks at major intersections.

  2. E.          Add disabled access ramps at major intersections.  Add or refurbish curb ramps at major intersections to provide optimal safe access.  Where existing infrastructure elements prevent building a ramp, evaluate either repositioning the problematic elements or using a “bulb-out” to create the surface necessary for a safe ramp.

  3. F.          Install pedestrian level lighting wherever and whenever feasible.

Policy T-C6:  Ensure that improved pedestrian and bicycle safety is included as a significant objective in all further studies of, and changes to, the Southside circulation pattern.

Policy T-C7:  Pedestrian passageways. Encourage preservation of existing north-south midblock pedestrian passageways, such as passageways between Bancroft and Channing, west of Telegraph.  Encourage developers to consider creation of new safe and inviting midblock pedestrian passageways where appropriate and complementary with the goals of new development.  Address street crossing safety concerns where pedestrian passageways are located or under consideration.

Policy T-C8:  Enforce traffic laws, including laws that apply to bicyclists and pedestrians,  to improve safety for pedestrians and bicyclists.

 

Policy T-C9:  Eliminate fast right turn at Bancroft and Oxford for automobiles.

 

Objective T-D: Calm and guide traffic throughout the Southside.

Policy T-D1:  Convert Dana Street and Ellsworth Street to two-way traffic to calm traffic on these streets and allow for less circuitous travel through the area (see Objective T-C for bicycle-related improvements to Dana street).

Policy T-D2:  Consider conversion of Bancroft and Durant to two-way streets with a restriction on through automobile travel at Telegraph.  Evaluate jointly with AC Transit the impacts of this change on the movement of transit vehicles in the area and on traffic circulation in the area.

Policy T-D3:  Implement streetscape improvements to calm traffic and facilitate pedestrian crossing.

A.    Consider adding “bulb-outs” at intersections.

B.     Add a series of stop signs and traffic signals at key intersections throughout the neighborhood, including:

  • A traffic signal at Dana Street and Bancroft Way to slow traffic and facilitate pedestrian crossing

  • A traffic signal at Bancroft Way and College Avenue

  • A stop sign at Ellsworth Street and Bancroft Way

  • Consider adding a traffic signal or other traffic calming device at Parker Street and Telegraph Avenue.  Any traffic control device at Parker Street and Telegraph Avenue should be a type that makes it possible for pedestrians and bicycles to cross Telegraph without adding any additional traffic to Parker Street between Telegraph Avenue and Shattuck Avenue or Telegraph Avenue and College.

C.    New traffic signals should be all way stop signals that allow pedestrians to cross  in any direction without contending with automobiles making turns .

D.    New signals should be Accessible Pedestrian Signals.

 

Policy T-D4:  Fix High Hazard Intersections in the Southside, by adding signals and stop signs as suggested above and by using other techniques identified in Bicycle and Pedestrian Task Force recommendations and in the General Plan.  Intersections with high pedestrian collision rates that need to be addressed include:

  • Durant and Telegraph

  • Bancroft and College

  • Dwight and Telegraph

  • Bancroft and Bowditch

  • Bancroft and Dana

  • Bancroft and Telegraph 

Policy T-D5:  Develop a directional signage program to assist access to major facilities and parking, and to better direct traffic through the area and to destinations beyond the Southside.

Policy T-D6:  When considering changes to circulation (conversion from one-way to two-way circulation; limits on automobile circulation), the three most important criteria for evaluating changes should be impacts on transit; impacts on the safety of bicyclists and pedestrians; and impacts on the volume of traffic.

Objective T-E:  Ensure the most efficient use of existing parking to reduce the need for new parking facilities to be built.

Policy T-E1:  Develop shared parking agreements between the City, the University and private parking providers to efficiently share and better utilize existing Southside parking, particularly short-term, customer parking.  Encourage UC to allow visitors using disabled placards and plates to have access to existing parking at different locations on campus to allow equal access to campus amenities.

Policy T-E2:  Apply the results and recommendations of the Transportation Demand Management Study regarding ways to better utilize existing parking facilities in both the Southside and the Downtown.

Policy T-E3:  Rigorously enforce Residential Permit Parking Program. Make changes to the visitor/guest permits to eliminate abuses of 14-day and 1-day visitor/guest permits.  Consider increasing the cost of these temporary permits; placing a limit on the number that can be purchased at one time and over the course of a year; replacing 14-day permits with 7-day permits; and make them more difficult to counterfeit

Policy T-E4:  Enforce laws that prohibit cars from blocking sidewalks and that prohibit use of yards for parking.  Enforce laws against illegal use of blue-zone parking and blocking curb ramps to ensure equal access for all persons with disabilities.

Policy T-E5:  Strongly encourage sponsors and organizers of sports events at Memorial Stadium, Haas Pavilion, and Edwards Field, performances at Zellerbach, and special events on Telegraph and elsewhere in the Southside to promote and encourage use of transit by people attending events.  All advertising for sports events and other events should include transit information.  Advertising should also include information regarding traffic congestion and parking problems in the Southside and surrounding neighborhoods.  Encourage advertising at BART stations and on AC Transit buses.

Objective T-F:  Improve customer and visitor parking in, and access to, the Telegraph Avenue commercial district.

Policy T-F1:  Improve the customer parking options available in the Southside retail district.

    • Continue the new parking validation system to encourage short-term parking by charging less for people who patronize area merchants and by charging other parkers more.

    • Continue the pay system so users pay on the way out for time spent in the garage rather than in advance for time they anticipate spending.

    • Designating the lower floors for short-term parking.

    • Rebuilding the existing elevator and add an additional elevator in the existing vacant elevator chamber.

    • Continuing to enhance the physical appearance of the interior of the garage through improved lighting, bright and reflective new paint, and regular maintenance.

    • Eliminate monthly parking permits in the Sather Gate garage.

B.     Recommend creating daytime short-term parking in UC lots near the retail district in exchange for University access to commuter parking in Sather Gate Garage.

C.    Install more effective and an increased amount of signage directing autos to available public parking.

D.    Increase public usage of University parking lots at times when public parking is allowed.

  • Create better signage to direct the public to University parking lots, and to better explain public parking hours and costs.

  • Improve the payment systems at University parking lots to make them easier to use.

  • Recommend addition of metered parking in University lots closest to the retail district, such as the Anna Head Lot or the Stiles Hall lot.

  • All parking related elements shall be of wheelchair accessible height.

 

 

Policy T-F2: Improve the transit connection between the Telegraph commercial district and downtown Berkeley.

  • Provide maps and schedules of A.C. Transit and campus shuttle routes at all transit and shuttle stops.

  • Better inform the public of the availability and low cost of campus shuttles to the public.

C.    Upgrade bus stops in the area to include shelters, larger waiting areas and improved signage (see Economic Development and Community Character Element).

D.    The City and University should consider funding a joint City/Campus transit connection between Downtown Berkeley and Telegraph Avenue daily, at nights, and on weekends.

Policy T-F3: Improve pedestrian access to the retail district and pedestrian travel within the district.

  1. 1.      Add streetscape enhancements to the Bancroft corridor such as sidewalk improvements, more street trees and sidewalk lighting.

  2. 2.      Add signage in the Downtown (at the BART Plaza and in Center Street directories) directing pedestrians to the Telegraph commercial district.

 

B.     Reduce sidewalk bottlenecks in the commercial area.

  • Enforce the ban on sidewalk sandwich board signs.

  • Strategically locate news racks and trash receptacles to avoid impeding the flow of pedestrian traffic.

  • Add well-designed signage and marquees to the street frontage for Zellerbach Hall, the Berkeley Art Museum/PFA, the Hearst Museum of Anthropology and other cultural facilities.

  • Enhance sidewalk lighting at these street frontages.

  • Consider creating an entrance to the Sather Gate Mall from Telegraph Avenue to improve pedestrian access to and from the mall, the parking structure, and its public restrooms.

  • Enforce laws against bicycle riding on the sidewalks.

 

Policy T-F4:  Improve bicycle access to the area.

  • Implement the City of Berkeley Bicycle Plan and the University’s bicycle planning policies.

  • Provide secure all day bike parking in the area and encourage retailers to provide safe, off-street employee bike parking.

Policy T-F5: Improve loading and unloading for the commercial businesses.

  • Create and enforce workable rules to make loading and unloading of deliveries in the area easier and more efficient.

  • Improve signage at loading zones so rules are clear and easy to read.

  • Increase enforcement of time limits in loading zones to discourage auto parking in loading zones.

  • Increase enforcement of traffic rules prohibiting double parking.

  • Lengthen certain loading zones in the commercial area to better accommodate loading vehicles.

  • Add short term 5-10 minute “drop off” green zones to facilitate short term visits and drop offs at area businesses.

  • Ensure that loading and unloading does not block or impede transit and paratransit vehicles.

Policy T-F6:  Better accommodate and encourage tour buses in and to the commercial area.

Objective T-G:  Develop a trip reduction strategy, including a methodology to monitor and measure performance, to achieve a quantified reduction in single-occupant vehicle trips to the Southside (including trips to Southside parking sites).

Policy T-G1:  Publicize and take steps to ensure that all employers in the Southside are aware of existing transit subsidy programs like Commuter Check

Policy T-G2:  Publicize and encourage employers to participate in Guaranteed Ride Home program.

Policy T-G3:  Recognizing that increasing the supply of parking encourages driving, encourage UC to limit its supply of parking to current (year 2000) levels.

Policy T-G4:  Encourage UC and other employers to charge market rate for long-term parking.

Policy T-G5:  Develop a program of subsequent actions if initial actions do not result in sufficient trip reduction.

Policy T-G6:  Encourage carpooling.  All providers of long-term parking should be encouraged to provide special parking at discounted rates for carpools and vanpools.

Objective T-H:  Locate and design parking facilities in a manner that maximizes opportunities for shared-use, eases auto congestion on neighborhood streets, and protects the pedestrian orientation of the neighborhood. 

See Design Guidelines for more specific policies regarding parking design. 

Policy T-H1:  Amend the zoning for the Southside Plan area to make surface parking lots a prohibited use.

Policy T-H2:  When property owners develop surface parking lots with housing and/or mixed use development, replacement parking may be accommodated off site through new parking structure development.  The Mixed Use Area is the preferred location for replacement parking.  Any such new parking structure should be located where it can serve commercial areas and should maximize shared parking.

Policy T-H3:  Incorporate bicycle and motorcycle parking into all facilities.

Policy T-H4:  Develop and implement strategies to minimize travel made in single-occupant vehicles to and from the Southside in conjunction with any planning for new parking in the area.

Policy T-H5:  Evaluate the adequacy of parking for people with disabilities in the Southside and recommend improvements as needed.

Policy T-H6:  Ensure that parking garages have adequate vertical (height) clearance for modified vans and have smooth surfaces for vehicular and pedestrian access.

Objective T-I:  Encourage more housing in the Southside in order to reduce auto trips to the area and facilitate travel on foot and by bike (see also Land Use and Housing Objectives).

SOUTHSIDE PLAN - PLANNING COMMISSION SUBCOMMITTEE DRAFT

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